Complete replanting should be considered when a new seeding would not compete well under partial renovation, when weeds dominate the existing stand, or when your farming system involves rotating into an annual or different perennial crop. Complete replanting requires completely killing the existing stand, either by moldboard plowing or herbicide application. 

Fertilization and Liming

Meeting but not exceeding nutrient requirements can be accomplished by fertilizing

Soil testing is the most common method of determining fertilization requirements. Proper methods of soil sampling, testing, and interpretation are needed. <a href='main.cfm?PageID=519&topid=36'>Soil testing documents</a>

Tissue testing evaluates the concentration of nutrients in the forage, not simply the amount available to the plant. Development stage, plant part, and analysis techniques are important. <a href='main.cfm?PageID=519&topid=36'> Tissue testing documents</a> 

Weed Control

Controlling weeds may have a direct effect on establishment success as well as the future quality of the stand established by replanting. Some weed problems can be addressed by <a href='main.cfm?PageID=519&topid=40'>cultural control</a> such as mowing, while time restraints or more persistent weeds may require <a href='main.cfm?PageID=519&topid=39'>herbicide</a> application. 

Removing the Existing Stand

Complete replanting requires either application of a broad spectrum <a href=“main.cfm?PageID=519&topid=44”>herbicide</a> or <a href=“main.cfm?PageID=519&topid=45”>plowing</a> the field to eliminate the existing vegetation.