Genomic tools have considerable utility for crop improvement. Substantial genomic information has been developed in major crop species. Genomic tools for most of the forage and turf grass species have yet to be developed. Molecular markers (RFLPs, RAPDs, AFLPs, and SSRs) have been developed for tall fescue, the most important cool-season perennial forage and turf grass species. These markers have been used for phylogenetic analysis, cross species amplification, construction of genetic linkage maps, cultivar fingerprinting, and tagging of QTLs for traits of interest. Use of these resources in cultivar development programs will greatly expedite the cultivar improvement process.