Establishing new pasture stands or renovating old ones requires a lot of careful planning and wise decision making. Unlike annual crops, pastures may thrive for many years and the proper planning and techniques can save a lot of time, money, and labor while yielding abundant results.

Entering into any plans to seed a pasture is the decision of whether to start from scratch or renovate. From there seedbed preparation will differ, but seeding will prove similar in both procedures. However, there are many seeding methods and each has advantages and disadvantages. Establishment and renovation both rely on good soil conditions, careful selection of seed, and good weather. Establishment is linked closely to forage selection and adaptation, another section of the National Forage Curriculum. In addition, the use of companion crops can be a beneficial tool in establishment if used wisely.