The efforts to breed improved forage varieties have reaped better yield and quality which in turn impact the quality of meat, milk, and fiber products. But breeding forage crops is more difficult than breeding many other common crops. Many forage species are cross-pollinated, self-sterile, with small floral parts, and often have poor seed production, viability, establishment rates. The difficulties of forage breeding are best addressed by collaboration among varied disciplines. The process of forage breeding include determining goals for the new variety, studying the mode of pollination, using appropriate techniques, and many repetitions to obtain reliable seed in sufficient quantities.